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Dry eye


Dry eye syndrome is a condition where the cornea and conjunctiva of the eye are dry, due to an abnormality with the tear system, potentially leading to damage to the eye’s surface.

It can be broken down into two types: Aqueous-deficiency dry eye, due to insufficient tear production; or evaporative dry eye, usually due to problems with the oil glands. Symptoms include burning, itching, grittiness, and foreign body sensation in the eyes, with frequent redness and inflammation.

 

Symptoms of Dry Eye

Dry eye symptoms include a dry, gritty or burning sensation in the eyes, redness, watery or teary eyes and mucus that make the eyes feel "glued shut" after sleeping. Many people also report the feeling of something in the eye or eyestrain. Itching and light sensitivity may also occur. Symptoms are usually worse late in the day.
 
Diagnosis and Treatment of Dry Eye
Very often, dry eye can be diagnosed based on symptoms. Ophthalmologists also use a variety of tests including measuring tear production, special dyes, and evaluation of the constitution of the tear film in order to confirm the diagnosis. These tests serve to rule out other potential problems, such as conjunctivitis, that can produce the same symptoms.
If dry eye is left untreated, it can damage tissue and scar the cornea. Treatment of dry eye is directed at wetting the eye, reducing inflammation, improving the work/home environment and evaluating overall health, medications and diet.
Therapies include:
  • Artificial tears or ointments.
  • Punctal plugs to prevent tear drainage.
  • Prescription remedies.
  • Eliminating dryness and dust.
  • Humidification.
  • Punctal revision.
  • Dietary supplements.
  • Diet modification.
  • Evaluation of medications.
  • Increased blinking.
  • Treatment of associated medical problems.
  • Meibomian gland probing.

Your first step to relief from your condition is to schedule an appointment. In addition to your comprehensive eye exam we will also test your tear osmolarity, tear break up time and tear production. The Dry Eye Center at Southside Eye care is accredited facility where we are dedicated to providing the highest quality of dry eye care using advanced ophthalmic diagnostic techniques and treatment.You will be cared for by certified specialists in tear testing. Accredited Dry Eye Centers have the most advanced technology to diagnose and manage this irritating condition.


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